How Climate Change Is Causing Loss and Damage Around The World

  • Somalia is currently experiencing a severe drought, the worst in 40 years, which has led to a humanitarian catastrophe.
  • This drought has caused over 8 million people, almost half of the country’s population, to face acute food insecurity.
  • It is estimated that more than 43,000 people have died as a result, with a significant number being children under the age of five.
  • The impact of the drought is extensive, with farmers losing their income and pastoralists losing over 3 million livestock, leading to the impoverishment of entire communities and the risk of famine.
  • Additionally, more than 1.3 million people have been displaced due to the drought, and some may never be able to return home due to the irreversible loss of their livelihoods.
  • The long-term public health consequences are also severe, with high levels of acute malnutrition among various population groups, particularly affecting 1.8 million children under the age of five. Disease outbreaks, such as cholera and measles, are also increasing.
  • This is not the first drought Somalia has faced, as a severe drought in 2017-2018 caused significant damages and losses worth over $3.25 billion.
  • The impact of climate change will continue to worsen the situation, intensifying droughts and exacerbating food and water insecurity, leading to a further escalation of the humanitarian crisis in Somalia.

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